The saddle pad must by and large correspond to the horse’s saddle position, i.e. it should be parallel to the back everywhere and be appropriately and correctly (!) Padded.
This is often not the case in the area of the trapezius (front) and in the rear area, which is why so-called atrophies, i.e. muscle wasting, often occur here.
If your horse is currently poorly muscled, a suitable balancing pad is recommended, as is the case for example; Grandeur or Equitex.
Grandeur pads can be used to fill in atrophies and compensate for as long as this condition exists.
The saddle should lie evenly everywhere and distribute the pressure as evenly as possible.
The gullet must be parallel to the shoulder.
Under no circumstances should this be fit to the area behind the shoulder.
Measuring behind the shoulder will result in a head iron that is too narrow for the shoulders to pass under.
Logically, this hinders the horse from muscling up and will cause short strides, impeding on range of motion in the limbs and hollowing of the back.
Under no circumstances should the saddle rest in the area of the spinal canal or at the withers.
Be careful with horses with longer withers!
The shoulder rotation must not be hindered, i.e. the pillows must only begin after (!) The shoulder.
Everything else restricts the movement.
The saddle (tree and pillow) must be symmetrical and not warped.
The saddle should automatically balance the rider correctly. If the rider tilts forwards (split seat) or backwards (chair seat), the saddle is not in the center of gravity.
Usually you notice this as soon as you get up or you can clearly see that the lowest point is not central.
The spinal canal should be at least 4 fingers (approx. 6-10 cm) in the rear area. This varies depending on the horse.
The channel should then run forward in a V-shape.
The saddle should neither slip nor tilt. If this is the case, the saddle is often incorrectly padded.
The saddle cushions should be soft and evenly padded and free of knots.
The upholstery should be checked at least once a year if the saddle is used regularly!